Metabolic syndrome

Metabool syndroom-165451763Being overweight is often associated with a blood sugar imbalance, unhealthy cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. This is called the metabolic syndrome. The syndrome is caused by a combination of unhealthy eating and little exercise in addition to genetic inheritance. In the Netherlands about 34% of the men and 24% of the women between 30 and 70 years old are suffering from the Metabolic Syndrome. In the past few years, several definitions have been formulated for the Metabolic Syndrome. The definition of the “American National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult treatment panel III (NCEP-2001)” is often used and is based on the following risk factors:

  • abdominal obesity (waist circumference men ≥ 102 cm, women ≥ 88 cm)
  • elevated blood pressure (peak pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or lowest pressure ≥ 85 mmHg and/or anti-hypertensives)
  • low HDL cholesterol (men < 1.03 mmol/l, women < 1.30 mmol/l and/or cholesterol-lowering medication)
  • elevated glucose ( before meals ≥ 5.6 mmol/l, after meals ≥ 7.8 mmol/l and/or medication for diabetes)
  • elevated triglycerides (≥ 1.7 mmol/l)

Multiple studies have shown that the Mediterranean Diet has a positive effect on patients with the Metabolic Syndrome. A diet that is rich in whole grains, fish , legumes, vegetables and fruit has the following results:

  • The waist circumference, blood pressure and triglycerides in the blood decrease
  • The cholesterol levels in the blood improve
  • The body is better able to regulate the blood glucose levels